The road goes through the southern part of the park fits a private vehicle up to the Yud-Dalet Outpost. From there, a road goes eastwards down to Ein Ayub. To get to the southern landscape road, travelers need to get through the main gate to the park and turn westwards (right) in a black-marked road. After about 150 meters, travelers can park at a small parking lot from which a path leads to the Roman bathhouse, the first site on the road.
The following are the main sites along the road:
The Roman Bathhouse
A short path, marked by stones, goes between the forest trees to a stone structure with three domes, surrounded by a fence. According to Muslim tradition, this is the burial site of Sheik Obid, one of the generals in the Muslim army during the 7th century, who dies in the Emmaus plague. During the Roman period, it was one of the most famous bathhouses of Nicopolis. Entrance to the structure is forbidden for security reasons, but it provides an impressive enough sight from the outside.
The structure is well-preserved and parts of its walls and ceiling remain as they were. The bathhouse is built from three rooms: a cold room with cold water, a lukewarm room and a steam room. The steam room floor is built on low domes. Hot air came from the kiln at the corner into the space underneath the room, and from there in pipes that warmed the walls. Another room was used for massages.
Sheik Ibn Jabel
From the bathhouse, travelers should take another 500-meter drive on the black-marked road followed by a southern turn (right) in the junction to the southern landscape road. Another 700-meter drive will bring them to a structure with a white dome. The structure commemorates General Ibm Jabel, who according to the Muslim tradition perished in the Emmaus plague. Ibn Jabel is a mythical figure. An inscription in Arabic, found above the entrance, said that the structure was built in 1288 by Jashnchir Mancoresh, the Mamluk governor of Jerusalem. The site offer a splendid view of Latron, the Ayalon Valley and the coastal plain.
The Yod-Dalet Outpost
The Yod-Dalet outpost is about 300 meters from Sheik Ibn Jabel. A sign set by KKL-JNF shows the entrance to the site. From here, a round path of about 600 meters goes through the communication channels of the Jordanian outpost and reaches a spot overlooking the section between Gush Dan and Gaza. In this place, there is a panoramic sign and a commemoration board for the fallen.
From the overlook, the path comes a full circle back to the starting point. During the months of November and Decembers, beautiful crocus hyemalis and narcissus tazetta grow here; cyclamen can be seen at the site during March.
During Israel's War of Independence, the Jordanians made their stand at the Latrun compound. At the Yod-Dalet Outpost, in the back of the compound, they built a stronghold that overlooked the road to Sha'ar HaGay. On the opposite hill, a smaller overlook (the Yod-Gimel Outpost) was built. After two failed attempts at liberating Latrun, on May 1948, the IDF prepared for another attempt to take the Yod-Dalet Outpost, assuming that successful conquest will force the Jordanians out of Latrun.
Operation Yoram, as the attack was called, started on the night between June 8 and 9, two days before the ceasefire was about to start. Yigal Alon, commander of the attack, recruited soldier from the Yiftach unit the operated in the Galilee and from the seventh battalion of the local Harel unit. The battle plan called for an initial liberation of the Yod-Gimel Outpost, followed by an attack on the stronger Yod-Dalet Outpost.
Due to lack of time, the battle was not planned well. The fifth battalion attacked the stronger Yod-Dalet Outpost, instead of the weaker one. Instead of meeting few soldiers, the attackers faced a kilometer-long outpost with hundreds of trained Jordanian soldiers, well-equipped with armor and artillery. The main force had to retreat.
The fifth battalion kept fighting bravely, and lost many soldiers. At down, Jordanian defense collapsed, but the attackers were left without ready soldiers or equipment, and had to retreat. During the battle, 95 soldiers were hurt, and 16 of them died. Latrun remained under Jordanian control.