A biosphere reserve is an area that has been accorded statutory status and integrates its natural and human components in a single relational unit that obligates both sides. Biosphere reserves aim to promote sustainable development based on local community efforts and sound science. Unlike traditional nature reserves, biosphere reserves have a special zonation scheme that combines protected core areas with buffer and transition zones. This scheme fosters sustainable development by local inhabitants, resolution of conflicts between people and their environment and involves multiple stakeholders in management. The populations that live in a biosphere reserve take on norms of behavior with regard to the natural environment.
Hula Lake Park
Lake Agmon, in the center of the Hula Valley in the Galilee panhandle region, is the flagship KKL-JNF project in the north of Israel. The lake occupies part of the area once covered by the original Hula Lake, which was drained in the 1950s. The area was reflooded in the 1990s in order to restore the ecosystem that once flourished in the area.
The KKL-JNF restoration project has turned the area, which covers 75 square kilometers, from an ecological disaster into an area flourishing with a great diversity of vegetation and wildlife. It has turned the Hula Valley into a great attraction for tourists, with bird watching sites, waterways full of fish, recreational areas in natural surroundings, animals, birds and a great selection of possibilities for outings on bicycles, in vehicles and on foot.
Jerusalem Metropolitan Park
Jerusalem has had the good fortune to be the first city in Israel to be encompassed by green parks as part of the plan to improve the city's quality of life and to protect its natural surroundings. The Jerusalem Ring is a new metropolitan park that extends over some 1,500 hectares (3700 acres), surrounding the capital to the north, west, and south. The park will preserve ancient landscapes while offering a variety of leisure and recreation opportunities, including footpaths, bicycle trails and picnic sites.
KKL-JNF was a partner in actions demanding to halt local development projects and conceiving an alternate plan. A mertropolitan Park was is now surrounding the city, made up of five main areas: Arazim Valley Park, Motsa Valley Park, Refa’im Valley Park, Tsofim Valley Park and Tsurim Valley Park.