Crop-growing without the benefit of artificial irrigation is known in Hebrew as hakla’ut ba‘al, an expression that derives from the name of the powerful Canaanite sun god Baal, who was believed to bring fertility to the land and who makes frequent appearances in the Bible (see, for example, 1 Kings 16:31-32). Thus, land that needs no artificial irrigation was regarded as being watered by Baal’s divine decree, in the form of rainfall. This type of farming is in a large measure a matter of necessity, because of the scarcity of water sources in the region, and baal agriculture was the principle farming method practiced in ancient Israel, covering a total area of thousands of dunams (1 dunam = approx ¼ acre).
Visitors to the site will enjoy the vista presented by the springs of water and the various orchards and groves scatted over the hundreds of dunam of terraces that are cultivated around the area of the springs, with rainfall as their only source of irrigation. Later, they can stroll along the network of paths marked out with wooden posts and footpath indicators; the Baal Trail is one of these.
Our route begins at the Sataf information booth. From there we turn north eastwards towards the green-marked Village Trail (Shvil HaKfar) and walk along it for around 100 meters until we reach a path that forks off to the right in a south westerly direction. This is the Baal Trail, which is marked in blue. The route is triangular and there are a number of stopping places along the way.