Swimming leisurely in their midst are all kinds of ducks, some of them autumn visitors, like the garganey, and others that will be staying for the winter, like the teals, the northern shovelers, the mallards, and the coots, which look like ducks, in their flocks of dozens, running on the surface of the water at any sign of danger.
In the sky, in flocks of thousands, European honey-buzzards, black kites and other birds of prey are gliding, ascending and descending on the wind currents, stopping to dine on rodents in the fields and helping the farmers eliminate those pests. Marsh harriers are practicing their flight patterns above the dense vegetation, and ospreys are diving impressively in the water and fishing with great skill. As the days get colder, the great eagles will be arriving—the greater spotted eagles and the magnificent imperial eagles, the long legged buzzards and the great white-tailed eagles. The Hula Lake is one of the only places in the world where so many eagles of so many species can be seen.
Now it is time for the largest birds, the pelicans, hundreds and thousands of them, arriving from the Danube estuary and landing on the water of the Hula Lake. The pelican is the largest bird that migrates this way, and its wingspan can reach up to three meters. The common pelican is an endangered species all over the world, and all of them migrate through Israel.
At the same time, there is another migration, almost in secret, almost unknown. Tens of thousands of butterflies are arriving at the Hula from faraway Africa. African Monarchs color the Hula bright orange, flitting between the aquatic plants dripping with sweet nectar, eager to lay their eggs on the host plants and return to warmer lands as the days get colder. The Monarchs can be seen mainly in the botanical garden for marsh plants and hydrophytes.